The main problem of
Ukrainian agriculture are degradations due to compactions of
As can be seen from the
table around 77% of agricultural land has compactions which
leads to losses of between 15 and 25%.
CTIF Europe, a European research institute, has found that compaction leads to a
loss of yield of 15 to 25% - an annual loss of yield of
around 450,000 UAH per 100 hectares.
These compaction horizons
usually begins at a depth of 25 to 27 cm and have a
thickness of 10 to 14 cm.
Compaction horizons mean
that precipitation water (rain, snow) does not seep into
deeper soil layers and cannot be stored as a result.
In dry periods moisture from
deeper soil layers cannot rise because the capillary is
interrupted due to the compactions.